3 Important Things to Consider: Can I Sue For Domestic Violence Australia?
After enduring years of pain and suffering, the next question you should ask yourself is: Can I sue for domestic violence Australia?
Yes, you can initiate a civil lawsuit in Australia for damages resulting from domestic violence. Any criminal proceedings commenced by the state are separate from this.
In civil lawsuits, you, as the victim, can sue the offender for domestic violence-related damages, such as medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and emotional distress.
Moreover, victims of domestic violence in Australia have access to various legal protections.
These include the option to petition for a protection order (also known as a Domestic Violence Order or an Apprehended Violence Order) that prohibits the perpetrator from contacting or approaching you, among other actions.
How Do Courts Handle Domestic Violence Cases in Australia?
Can I sue for domestic violence Australia, and how do courts handle domestic violence cases?
Australia’s courts manage cases involving domestic violence within a legal framework that prioritises the safety and protection of victims.
Here is a general overview of the answer to the question of how cases of domestic violence are typically handled:
Intervention Orders: The court can issue an intervention order (also known as a Domestic Violence Order or an Apprehended Violence Order) to victims of domestic violence.
These orders impose restrictions on the perpetrator, such as prohibiting contact with the victim, approaching her, or approaching specific locations.
The violation of these mandates may result in criminal charges.
Criminal Proceedings: If domestic violence includes crimes such as assault, intimidation, or harassment, the perpetrator may be charged and prosecuted by the state.
The court evaluates the presented evidence and determines the appropriate legal consequences, such as possible imprisonment, fines, or other penalties.
Family Law Matters: When domestic violence intersects with family law issues such as child custody or property division, the court considers the victim’s and children’s protection and well-being.
Family law courts have the authority to issue orders that prioritise and safeguard the safety of victims.
Support for Victims: Courts in Australia recognise the importance of supporting victims of domestic violence.
Victims are encouraged to seek assistance from support services, counsellors, and legal professionals who can guide the legal process.
Courts may also refer victims to support programs and resources for recovery and safety.
Cross-Examination Protections: Recent legislative reforms in Australia aim to protect victims from direct cross-examination by their alleged abusers during court proceedings.
This helps prevent further trauma for the victim by ensuring their safety and emotional well-being.
Specialist Domestic Violence Courts: Some jurisdictions in Australia have established specialist domestic violence courts or lists within existing courts.
These courts offer specialised support services and dedicated judicial officers with expertise handling domestic violence cases.
Can I Sue For Domestic Violence Australia, and Can a Victim Claim Damages As They Sue for Domestic Violence?
Can I sue for domestic violence Australia, and can a victim claim damages as they sue for domestic violence?
Yes, a victim of domestic violence in Australia can claim damages by initiating a civil lawsuit against the perpetrator.
In such cases, the victim can seek compensation for the harm and losses they have suffered due to the domestic violence. The damages claimed may include the following:
General Damages: These compensate for the pain, suffering, and loss of enjoyment of life experienced by the victim due to domestic violence.
Medical Expenses: The victim can claim the costs of medical treatment, therapy, counselling, rehabilitation, or any other healthcare expenses incurred due to domestic violence.
Loss of Earnings: If the victim has suffered a loss of income or earning capacity due to domestic violence, they can claim compensation for past and future financial losses.
Property Damage: If domestic violence damages the victim’s property, they can claim the cost of repairing or replacing the damaged property.
Other Economic Losses: Victims may also seek compensation for other economic losses, such as relocation costs, increased security measures, or any additional financial burden caused by domestic violence.
It’s important to note that the availability and calculation of damages can vary depending on the case’s specific circumstances, the jurisdiction’s laws, and the evidence presented.
Consulting with a lawyer specialising in domestic violence cases will provide personalised advice and guidance on the potential damages that can be claimed based on the specific details of the situation.
Who Pays for the Costs When Suing for Domestic Violence?
In a civil lawsuit for domestic violence, the costs associated with the legal proceedings are typically paid by the parties involved.
However, the court has the discretion to make orders regarding expenses, and the specific allocation of costs can vary based on the circumstances of the case.
Here are some general principles regarding costs in domestic violence cases in Australia:
Plaintiff’s Costs: As the victim bringing the lawsuit, you (the plaintiff) may initially bear the costs of initiating the legal action. This includes expenses such as filing fees, legal representation fees, and any other necessary disbursements.
Defendant’s Costs: If you are successful in your claim and the court finds the defendant liable for the domestic violence, the court may order the defendant to pay your legal costs in AVO.
This can include reimbursing you for the expenses incurred in pursuing the lawsuit.
Legal Aid: In some cases, victims of domestic violence may be eligible for legal aid, which provides financial assistance for legal representation.
Legal aid eligibility is typically based on factors such as income and assets.
The legal aid authority may cover or subsidise the costs if you qualify for legal assistance.
Cost Orders: The court may make specific orders regarding costs during the proceedings or after the case. This could include a “costs follow the event” order, where the losing party is ordered to pay the successful party’s legal costs.
Can I Sue for Domestic Violence Australia?
Justice Family Lawyers is here to support you. Our dedicated team has extensive experience handling domestic violence cases and can provide expert guidance throughout the legal process. Contact us today to explore your options and seek justice for your endured harm.
Principal of Justice Family Lawyers, Hayder specialises in complex parenting and property family law matters. He is based in Sydney and holds a Bachelor of Law and Bachelor of Communications from UTS.